After my mom had her double mastectomy, she had tons of questions about the reconstruction process. I’m not a doctor, but I do know what she’s concerned about when it comes to the recovery process and how different reconstruction options are going to affect her body. I was doing research on the pros and cons of each different type of reconstruction and I came across some helpful information about Latissimus Dorsi Myocutaneous Flap reconstruction on the Bergman Folkers Plastic Surgery website.

LD Flap reconstruction works by taking tissue from the upper back and combining this with a breast implant that matches the patient’s body and desired size. There are a lot of benefits to this surgery option. The biggest benefit is the reduced recovery time. Some reconstruction surgeries can have patients bed-ridden for a week or so after surgery. With LD Flap reconstruction, most patients can return to all but the most intense exercises right after surgery.

Another benefit of LD is the minimal scar exposure. Doctors create incisions that can be covered up by a bra so that no scars are revealed.
One of the coolest things about LD is that it allows thinner patients to undergo breast reconstruction. Some patients are told that they cannot have breast reconstruction done because they lack the necessary tissue to do so. This can leave some women feeling very upset and cause a lot of psychological stress. Thankfully, LD surgery only needs a minimal amount of tissue because it is combined with an implant. This allows thinner patients to receive the reconstruction surgery that they desire.

Although LD Flap reconstruction has many benefits, it may not be for everyone. There are a couple downsides to consider when choosing which surgery option is best for you. First of all, LD Flaps require the use of implants. There is simply not enough tissue on the upper back to create a full breast otherwise. These implants are usually made from silicon or saline. If patients are unwilling to use breast implants of any kind, they will not be able to undergo this surgery.

If you’re a very active person, LD Flap surgery may not be the best option for you either. Most people will not notice a weakening of back muscles after surgery. However, the back muscles will be partially imbalanced for life after LD Flap surgery. If you regularly participate in sports like tennis, swimming, weightlifting, or rock climbing, know that this surgery may affect your performance.

Everyone is looking for something different when it comes to reconstruction. Some women want to have a pure silicon implant. Some people are looking for an autologous surgery that only uses tissue from their own body. Some people don’t really care if it’s autologous or not, they just want to recover quickly. That’s why it’s important to talk to a doctor about the pros and cons of every surgery option before making a final decision.


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Our children are part of our families, and as you are filing for a divorce, it can seem natural to vent frustrations to young listeners. With high emotions, it can also be tempting to lash out at your ex in front of your child. The problem that we sometimes don’t realize is that this is one of the worst things you can do for your child, and it may backfire on you in court. Parental alienation, as described by the attorneys of Kessler & Solomiany LLC, is a style of manipulation that is dangerous, and it can cause lifelong harm. To avoid scarring your children with psychological warfare, take these points into consideration:

  • Do not blame your former spouse for unfortunate circumstances after the divorce. If the divorce did not turn out as well as you would have hoped, do not complain about it to your children. There is nothing they can do to alter the outcome of the divorce, and they are not the ones to blame for your current situation.
  • Do not condemn the actions of your former spouse in front of your children. This is by far the most difficult instance to avoid. The actions of your former spouse may be detestable, but that person is still your child’s parent. Criticizing and destroying your ex with words will only confuse your children because they love both of their parents. They still need to have the best possible relationship with Mom and Dad, so do not go out of your way to drag the other’s name through the mud.
  • Communicate directly with your former spouse. Under no circumstances should you employ your children to spy on the other parent, deliver messages on your behalf, or act as couriers for important documents. They do not understand the consequences of their actions, and your raw reactions may expose uncomfortable truths that your child is not prepared to comprehend.
  • Do not schedule special events that overlap with your ex’s custody time. Your children are going to be dragged in the middle of the dispute between you and your ex if you do this. No matter which parent the child decides to spend time with, they will be uncomfortable and feel guilty.
  • Do not encourage your children to pick a side of the argument. The children need a relationship with both parents, and dragging them into the dispute will only alienate them. The divorce is between you, your spouse, and your attorneys.
  • Do not discuss the court hearings, divorce settlements, or any other aspects of the divorce with your child. While it is important to have an explanation for your children when they ask specific questions about this situation, you should avoid sharing specific details about the divorce with your children. If you feel the need to discuss matters with someone, reach out to an adult friend or your divorce lawyers.

If you want what’s best for your children, do not alienate them from their other parent. Let them enjoy their childhood without the daily stresses of the divorce, and they will be healthier and happier because of it. Find a trustworthy law firm to handle the divorce settlement so you can spend time with your children.


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A city bus struck a charter bus in Flushing, Queens early on Monday, killing three people and injuring 16 more, according to news reports and reported by the Post-Gazette here. A 68-year old man who was a pedestrian on the scene was trapped beneath one of the buses and died while at the scene. A 55-year-old man and the 49-year old driver of the charter bus also died later of their injuries at local hospitals. The authorities are still investigating the accident, but the information released so far discussed just how tragic this accident was.

The charter bus was operated by Dahlia Travel and Tours, and reports say it crashed into the Q20 city bus at 6:15 a.m. The accident occurred at Northern Boulevard and Main Street when the charter bus apparently ran through the intersection and crashed into the turning city bus before slamming into a Kennedy Fried Chicken restaurant. There were no passengers on the charter bus at the time of the crash, but the city bus did have passengers at the time of the crash.

 

 

Most of the seriously and critically injured passengers were taken to the Queens New York Presbyterian Hospital, while those with non-life-threatening injuries were taken to Elmhurst Hospital Center for treatment. While most of us understand that accidents can happen at any time, it is important to realize that accidents like this could have been avoided. The bus driver of the city bus and the passengers did not have to suffer the injuries they suffered, and someone should be held accountable for their injuries and the pain and suffering they now have to endure due to the accident.

According to New York City workplace accident attorneys, the bus driver may be able to file a lawsuit for injuries suffered in the crash, while the injured passengers may be eligible to file personal injury lawsuits as well. They may argue that the charter bus driver acted negligently when running through the intersection, or the charter bus company may have failed to properly train the driver or ensure that a safe driving requirement was followed.

Those who were injured in the accident may wish to pursue legal action against the party responsible for the accident to recover medical expenses, pain, and suffering lost wages, and other financial compensation. The company that runs the charter bus, the Flushing-based Dahlia charter group apparently had several violations that placed it in the bottom 20 percent of charter companies, and in fact, the company had been cited for its buses speeding by at least 15 miles per hour. The company seems to have a spotty record of safety to begin with, so it may be discovered that unsafe practices were encouraged or at the very least, overlooked.

For more information on this tragic accident, read the news story by the Post-Gazette here or check back with us on our blog for updated details about this accident. The law firm website that we linked to is also a good resource if you want to learn more about workplace injuries and what action the injured bus driver may be able to take, or the actions that the injured passengers may be eligible for if they decided to take legal action.


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There is always a risk in investing, in the sense that you may actually lose money because of fluctuating investment values. That is understandable. But there is another risk that is just unwarranted – being exposed to fraudulent investments.

Investment fraud occurs when an investor has been persuaded to invest in a particular company, stock, or any commodity, because of false information. This usually results into money loss, but unlike fluctuating investment values, this money loss is unnecessary.

You worked hard for that cash, and the last thing you want is to fall victim to a fraudulent investment operation and lose your money just like that. Here are some of the things you can do to avoid investment fraud.

Know the company

Before anything else, know the company you are planning to invest to. First, it is important to know if it is a legitimate company, complete with documents such as licenses and registrations. Second, it is also important to know what this company does, so you can at least have an idea on what you are getting into and how you are going to get returns.

Know the salesperson

You should also look into the person who is trying to persuade you to invest in that company. First, make sure that this person has a legitimate connection with the company and actually registered to sell the commodity. Second, it is also wise to investigate whether this person has a bad history, particularly regarding misconduct.

Be doubtful if it sounds too good to be true

The website of Erez Law mentions that one of the most common signs of investment fraud, particularly Ponzi schemes, is that it offers high returns with no risks. Usually, investments with high returns are extremely risky, so you should be doubtful if an investment promises high returns with little to no risk.

Be doubtful of unsolicited offers

Investment pitches that are unsolicited are shady, especially if they are using ridiculous tactics to persuade you, including good testimonials from unidentified individuals. Be more doubtful if this investment is overseas. Your money is very vulnerable outside of the country, because you have less control and power over it. If you lose your money, it will also be harder to track and retrieve.

 


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The health industry is complicated. There may be legitimate reasons for the patient’s worsening condition and the doctor’s failing treatment processes. But there are also times where these happen because of the incompetence or negligence on the side of the medical staff, such as when they have misdiagnosed the patient.

According to the website of the Benton Law Firm, those who have been hurt because of medical malpractice incidents like misdiagnosis may receive compensation. This is just right, because the medical malpractice will result into significant financial damages. It may result into ridiculous medical bills, in the form of treatment and corrective costs. It also means that the patient may miss time to be productive, like going to work, school, or taking care of his or her family.

There are different kinds of misdiagnosis, and each possesses their own dangers:

  • A healthy patient has been diagnosed ill
  • An ill patient has been diagnosed healthy
  • A patient has been diagnosed with a wrong condition
  • A patient has been diagnosed with the wrong sub-type of a disease

A healthy patient determined to be ill may get unnecessary treatment, which may make complications to really arise. An ill patient determined to be healthy may experience worsening of his or her condition, and treatment may be delayed or in-existent. A patient diagnosed with a wrong condition or the wrong sub-type of a condition may receive unnecessary treatment and experience worsening symptoms. On the worst cases, these misdiagnosis incidents result into death.

To determine the viability of misdiagnosis claims, or medical malpractice claims in general, certain conditions are investigated, such as:

  • The legitimacy of the medical professional and patient relationship
  • The medical professional has duty of care toward the patient
  • The duty of care has been violated, either by action or inaction
  • The violation has caused any form of harm to the patient

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